The Chinese speaker is going to repeat this word part by part starting from the end. Please repeat each part after them, and Try to make your pronunciation sound exactly like theirs. Be sure to repeat aloud.
Mandarin Chinese lacks many of the possessive pronouns found in English. This means that words like “my”, “your”, and “his” have no direct equivalent in Chinese. Instead we can construct these terms with a very useful Chinese word:
In English, we can put an adjective or a possessive pronoun in front of a noun directly. However, we have to put one word “的” between the adjective and noun or between the possessive pronoun and noun in Chinese, which is the same meaning as “of” in English. Here is how to say “of” in Mandarin. Listen and repeat.
You might be wondering why we’re going over “you are” instead of something like “I am”. That’s because in Mandarin Chinese, you can create a yes/no question by adding a question particle to the end of a sentence.
For example, here is how to ask “Are you a student?” Listen and repeat.
Great, let’s move on. Much like the words for “my” and “your” there is no single Mandarin word for “yes”. Instead you should simply respond with the verb from the yes/no question you have just been asked.
For example, if someone asks you a question that starts with “Are you...?”, you can say “yes” in the following way. Please listen and repeat.
You may have guessed by now that if we can say “yes” by saying something like “it is” , then we can say “no” by saying something closer to “isn’t”. In Mandarin, you can create the negative form of any verb by putting the word for “not” right in front of it. Here is how to say “isn’t” in Chinese. Listen and repeat.
You may notice that this sounds very much like the word for “called” or “named”, but the difference is that “teach” is spoken with a high, level tone, and “called” is pronounced with a sharp, falling tone. Listen closely.
Alright. This is the end of lesson two. If you feel comfortable with what you’ve learned today, feel free to go on to lesson three next. Don’t worry if you can’t remember everything. We’ll be reviewing everything in the coming lessons.